Childhood obesity and cardiovascular disease
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Many of these
children have risk factors for later disease, including cardiovascular
disease. For optimal cardiovascular health, health care professionals
must be able to identify children and youth at risk and provide
appropriate support as needed. The present article reviews the current
medical literature on obesity and cardiovascular disease risk
factors in the paediatric population, the long-term cardiovascular
consequences of childhood obesity and the importance of early life.
Recommendations promoting optimal cardiovascular health in all
children and youth are discussed.