Digital merkel cell carcinoma
AM Rebecca | RO Craft | AA Smith
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and biologically aggressive neuroendocrine tumour of the skin. Recent analysis of a surveillance, epidemiology and end results program has shown a statistically significant increase of 8% per year in the age-adjusted rates for MCC of the skin over the past 15 years. MCC commonly presents as a painless, rapidly growing, single red or purple cutaneous nodule. Diagnosis is often delayed until histopathological examination due to the relative rarity of the disease. MCC-specific immunohistochemical markers are available for definitive diagnosis, including anticytokeratin-20-positive stain and thyroid transcription factor-1-negative stains. Because there are no phase III trials to guide management, treatment is often tailored to the individual patient by integrating surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.