Hepatitis C as a prognostic indicator among noncirrhotic patients hospitalized with alcoholic hepatitis
PJ Thuluvath | E Ahn | GC Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide analysis of alcoholic hepatitis (AH) admissions was conducted to determine the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on short-term survival and hospital resource utilization.
METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, noncirrhotic patients admitted with AH throughout the United States between 1998 and 2006 were identified with diagnostic codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. The in-hospital mortality rate (primary end point) of AH patients with and without co-existent HCV infection was determined. Hospital resource utilization was assessed as a secondary end point through linear regression analysis.
RESULTS: From 1998 to 2006, there were 112,351 admissions for AH. In-hospital mortality was higher among patients with coexistent HCV infection (41.1% versus 3.2%; P=0.07). The adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality in the presence of HCV was 1.48 (95% CI 1.10 to 1.98). Noncirrhotic patients with AH and HCV also had longer length of stay (5.8 days versus 5.3 days; P<0.007) as well as greater hospital charges (US$25,990 versus US$21,030; P=0.0002).
CONCLUSIONS: Among noncirrhotic patients admitted with AH, HCV infection was associated with higher in-hospital mortality and resource utilization.