44 2033180199
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Journal of Pharmacology Research

Sign up for email alert when new content gets added: Sign up

Takashe Hirokava*
Department of Neuroscience, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, Email: [email protected]
*Correspondence: Takashe Hirokava, Department of Neuroscience, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, Email: [email protected]

Received: 06-Dec-2021 Accepted Date: Dec 20, 2021; Published: 27-Dec-2021

Citation: Hirokava T. A brief note on pharmacology. J Pharm Res. 2021;4(6):1

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact [email protected]


Pharmacology is a branch of medicine, a field of biology, and a branch of pharmaceutical knowledge concerned with medication or medication actions. A medication is defined as any artificial, organic, or endogenous (from within the body) molecule that has a biochemical or even physiological effect on a cell, cells, organ, or patient (sometimes the term pharmacon can be used like a phrase to encompass these types of endogenous and exogenous bioactive species). More specifically, it is the research of the interactions that occur between the organisms and chemical substances that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function. Pharmaceuticals are ingredients that have medicinal properties.

Drug structure and properties, activity and drug style, molecular and mobile mechanisms, organ/systems systems, signal transduction/cellular communication, molecular diagnostics, relationships, chemical biology, treatment, and medical software and antipathogenic functionality are all covered by the industry. Pharmacodynamics is the scientific study of the effects of a medicine on biological devices, whereas pharmacokinetics is the study of the effects of biological devices on a drug. In broad terms, pharmacodynamics is concerned with substances that cause biological pain, whereas pharmacokinetics is concerned with the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Elimination (ADME) of substances from neurological systems.

Pharmacology is not synonymous with chemistry, and the two terms are frequently confused. Pharmacology, a biomedical science, deals with the study, discovery, and presentation of chemicals that have biological effects, as well as the elucidation of cellular and organismal function in relation to these substances. In contrast, a chemist, a health professional services profession, is concerned with applying the principles learned from pharmacology in clinical settings, whether it is for dispensing or clinical care. The main distinction between the two industries is usually their distinctions between direct-patient care, drug-store practise, and the scienceoriented research field powered by pharmacology.

The term pharmacology is derived from the Greek words o, pharmakon, "drug, poison," and logia, "study of," "knowledge of" (cf. the particular etymology of pharmacy). Pharmakon is associated with pharmakos, the specific ritualistic sacrifice or even exile of the human scapegoat or victim in Historical Greek religion.

Because endogenous chemicals and biologically active substances that are not used as prescription drugs are included in the modern term pharmacon, it is used more broadly than the term drug. It typically delivers pharmacological agonists and antagonists, as well as enzyme inhibitors (such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors).

The origins of clinical pharmacology can be traced back to the Middle Ages, with pharmacognosy and Avicenna's The Canon of Medicine, Peter of Spain's Commentary on Isaac, and David of St Amand's Commentary in the Antedotary of Nicholas. Herbalism and natural elements, primarily plant components, were central to early pharmacology. Medicines were catalogued in books known as pharmacopoeias. Since prehistory, crude medications have been used as a preparation of substances derived from natural sources. However, the active ingredient in crude drugs is not purified, and the substance is flimsy in combination with substances.

Classic medicine differs across cultures and may be specific to a particular custom, such as traditional Chinese, Mongolian, Tibetan, and Korean language medicine. However, much of it has since been regarded as pseudoscience. Entheogens, which are pharmacological chemicals, could have spiritual, religious, and historical applications.

Pharmacology emerged in the nineteenth millennium as a biomedical science that applied scientific experimentation guidelines to therapeutic contexts. The advancement of research strategies accelerated pharmacological analysis and comprehension. The development of specific organ bath planning, in which tissue selections are connected to recording devices, such as a myograph, and physiological responses are recorded following drug application, authorised analysis of drugs' effects on flesh. The development of the ligand products assay 66 years ago enabled quantification of medication binding cast on chemical targets. Modern pharmacologists use genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, and other cutting-edge tools to redecorate data on molecular components and targets in therapies directed against disease, defects, or pathogens, and to develop options for preventive health care, diagnostics, and finally personal medicine.

Pharmacology can also be used to target specific systems, as well as the entire body. Divisions associated with bodily techniques investigate the effects of medications on various body systems. This includes neuropharmacology, specifically in the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as immunopharmacology within the immune programme. Cardiovascular, renal, and endocrine pharmacology are the other divisions.

Google Scholar citation report