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Journal of Veterinary Research and Medicine

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Fuenes Grene*
Department of Bioscience, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom, Email: fuenesgrene@swansea.ac.uk
*Correspondence: Fuenes Grene, Department of Bioscience, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom, Email: fuenesgrene@swansea.ac.uk

Received: 04-Oct-2021 Accepted Date: Oct 18, 2021; Published: 25-Oct-2021

Citation: Grene F. The scope of veterinary medicine. J Vet Res Met 2021;3(2):1.

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact reprints@pulsus.com


Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that offers the prevention, management, diagnosis, and remedy of disorder, and harm in animals. Along with this, it offers animal rearing, breeding, studies on nutrition, and product development. The scope of veterinary medicine is huge, protecting all animal species, each domesticated and wild, with an extensive range of situations that could have an effect on special species.

Veterinary medicine is extensively practiced, both with and without expert supervision. Professional care is most usually led through a veterinary doctor (additionally called a veterinarian, veterinary health care provider, or "vet"), however additionally through para veterinary workers, along with veterinary nurses or technicians. This may be augmented through different paraprofessionals with particular specialties, which includes animal physiotherapy or dentistry, and species-applicable roles which includes farriers.

In the premodern generation there's archeological evidence, in the shape of a cow skull upon which trepanation was carried out, suggests that human beings have been performing veterinary strategies withinside the Neolithic period. The Egyptian Papyrus of Kahun (Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt) is the primary extant report of veterinary medicine. The first attempt to organize and modify the exercise of treating animals tended to cognizance on horses due to their financial significance. In the Middle Ages, farriers blended their work in horseshoeing with the extra standard challenge of "horse doctoring".

The veterinary physician function is the equivalent of a doctor or health care provider (scientific doctor) in human medicine and includes a postgraduate study and qualification. In many countries, the nearby nomenclature for a vet is an included term, which means that human beings without the prerequisite qualifications and/or registration aren't capable of using the title, and in lots of instances, the activities that can be undertaken through a vet (which includes animal remedy or surgical treatment) are limited best to the ones those who are registered as a vet. For instance, in the United Kingdom, as in different jurisdictions, animal remedies can be carried out best through registered vets (with some special exceptions, which includes para veterinary workers), and any people calling themselves a vet without being registered or performing any remedy is illegal. Most vets work in scientific settings, treating animals directly. They can be concerned about the general practice, treating animals of all types; can be specialized in a selected group of animals which includes associate animals, farm animals, laboratory animals, zoo animals, or horses; or might also additionally focus on a narrow scientific field which includes surgical treatment, dermatology, laboratory animal medicine, or internal medication. As with healthcare professionals, vets face ethical choices about the care of their patients. Current debates in the career consist of the ethics of only cosmetic techniques on animals, which includes declawing of cats, docking of tails, cropping of ears, and debarking on dogs. An extensive range of surgical procedures and operations is carried out on numerous kinds of animals, however now no longer all are performed through vets. In a case in Iran, for instance, an eye surgeon controlled to carry out a successful cataract surgical treatment on a rooster for the first time in the world.

Para veterinary workers, such as veterinary nurses, technicians, and assistants, both help vets with their work or may fit inside their personal scope of practice, relying on capabilities and qualifications, consisting of in a few cases, performing the minor surgical treatment. The role of para veterinary people is much less homogeneous globally than that of a vet, and qualification levels, and the related talent mix, vary extensively.

A number of professions exist in the scope of veterinary medicine, however might not always be carried out through vets or veterinary nurses. This consists of those performing roles which can be additionally observed in human medicine, which includes practitioners handling musculoskeletal disorders, consisting of osteopaths, chiropractors, and physiotherapists. Some roles are particular to animals but have parallels in human society, including animal grooming and animal massage. Some roles are particular to a species or organization of animals, which includes farriers, who're involved in the shoeing of horses, and in lots of instances have the main function to play in ensuring the medical fitness of horses.

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