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Journal of Plant Biology and Agriculture Sciences

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Development and evaluation of Poly-herbal topical formulation against acne

Author(s): Shweta (Kapoor) Bajaj

Acne vulgaris is a major clinical problem, causing concern and need for effective non-synthetic treatments. Acquisition of risk and side effects associated with previously used therapies, this study was undertaken with the aim to develop and evaluate the topical poly herbal anti-acne cream against acne. Four herbal anti-acne creams (A1-A4) were prepared by adding ethanolic extracts of Aloe barbadensis, Ocimum sanctum, Glycerriza glabra, Melaleuca alternifolia, Vitex negundo, Calendula officinalis, Cocon nucifera, Lavendula angustifolia, Azadirachta indica, Santalum album, in increasing concentration (1.45 - 5 % w/w from A1-A4) into prepared cream base (AB, control).  A3 and A4 found unstable, so efficacy studies had been carried out for of A1, A2, AB formulation. Mean facial sebum excretion (µg/cm2) using Sebumeter and acne count were assessed. Statistical analysis was performed using STAT software, P value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Thirty volunteers divided in three groups, each group contain ten volunteers and having oily skin and moderate acne. Volunteers instructed to apply their respective treatment twice daily for 3 months, and were reviewed for observations at 4th, 8th and 12th week. At the end of 12 weeks marked improvement in acne count 80-90% with both cream A1 and A2; 15- 20% with AB and 55–65% (A2), 51-65% (A1), 7-12% (AB) reduction in sebum production were observed in the treated volunteers. Study provides scientific claims for anti-acne effect of poly herbal creams, hence proved their suitability as alternatives in existing treatments for moderate acne and seborrhea.

 


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Citations : 22

Journal of Plant Biology and Agriculture Sciences received 22 citations as per google scholar report

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