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Journal of Endocrine Disorders & Surgery

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Impact of fasting on cardiovascular diseases and various metabolic parameters

Author(s): Mirza Saima Mahmud*


Muslims observe fast from sunrise to sunset, during the month of Ramadhan. This long period of fasting, has a significant impact on patients with acute coronary syndrome and decompensated heart failure. Over the last 12 years, Mirza Saima Mahmud worked in 3 of the top hospitals in Dubai and was part of few studies in related topics. In this presentation, she will articulate how in diabetic patients - fasting impacts different metabolic parameters and comparison of these changes - before and after the month of fasting.


Cardiovascular diseases are a serious problem in the modern world. According to WHO (World Health Organization) data, 17.9 million people die every year due to cardiovascular diseases, which is about one third of all deaths. They most often affect people over 45 years of age. The mortality rate is different in both sexes in any given period of life. Between the ages of 45–59, men predominate, while after the age of 60, the death rate is higher in women. These differences are related to the cardio protective effect of estrogens in premenopausal women. Modifiable and unmodifiable factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases. Age, gender, or genetic determinants are factors beyond our control.


The subtype of the IF diet is the ADF diet (alternate day fasting). It consists of alternating the day when the energy limit is 75%, the so-called “fast day” and “feeding day”, during which food is eaten ad libitum (at one’s pleasure, shortened to “ad lib”). The use of IF allows body weight to be reduced and is cardio protective.

Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 143

Journal of Endocrine Disorders & Surgery received 143 citations as per Google Scholar report