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Biomedical Engineering: Current Research

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Synthesis and characterization of reduced graphene oxide supported Ag/pani nanocom- posite as electrochemical sensor for the detection of selected toxic heavy metals

Author(s): Belay Minase Woldegebriel

Educed graphene oxidesupportedAg/PANI nanocomposite electrochemical sensor was synthesized through electrochemical methods from electrochemical polymerization of 0.2M aniline monomer in 1M HClandelectrodeposition of silver nanoparticles from AgNO3on a reduced graphene oxide modified bare electrode. The as synthesized(Ag/PANI/RGO) nanocomposites modified electrodewas further characterized by Cyclic Voltammetry. The results show that Ag/PANI/RGO nanocomposite was the highest electroactive substrate than PANI and PANI/RGO. This isdue to reduced graphene oxide and synergetic effects as well as electrocatalytic properties of silver nanoparticles. Forcomparing and as well as forspectroscopic characterization; PANI, PANI/RGO and Ag/ PANI/RGO nanocomposites were synthesized by chemical precipitation methods using APS, (NH4)2SO4 as an oxidant and characterized by CV, FTIR, SEM, XRD and UV-Vis and the results showed that a comparable electrochemical properties, optical and structural properties and uniform distribution of silver nanoparticles on the surface of PANI/RGO were observed on SEM micrographs. Fast electron transfer properties werecalculated from standard rate constantfor electrochemically and chemicallysynthesized(Ag/PAN/ RGO) nanocomposite sensor werekoof 71.3x10-3s-1and 63.9x10-3s-1, respectively. This (Ag/PANI/ RGO) nanocomposite electrochemical sensor was carefully tested with the help of anodic stripping voltammetric process as results; linear regression coefficient (R2) of 0.9990 and 0.9977 for Pb2+ and Cd2+, respectively, were obtained. The results have shown that for surface water, specifically for Cd has higher valuethan the WHO (2008) recommended maximum admissible limits. This is an indication of pollution hazards and weak drinking water treatment practices in the areas, which in turn have important human health implications. Therefore, the government and other responsible authorities to take appropriate corrective measures

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