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International Journal of Anatomical Variations

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Hiromitsu Ezure1*, Ryoichi Mori2, Junji Ito3 and Naruhito Otsuka1
1 Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan, Email: [email protected]
2 Department of Oral Anatomy, School of Dentistry, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Physical Therapeutics, School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Science, Showa University, Yokohama, Japan
*Correspondence: Hiromitsu Ezure, DDS, DDSc, PhD, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan, Tel: +81 3 3784 8107, Email: [email protected]

Received: 02-Aug-2010 Accepted Date: Jan 12, 2011; Published: 10-Apr-2011

Citation: IJAV. 2011; 4: 72–74.

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact [email protected]


In a student course on gross anatomy dissection at Showa University School of Dentistry in 2005, we found a case of a unilateral absence of the facial artery in a 75-year-old Japanese male cadaver.
In this case, the left facial artery was completely absent, and it was compensated by the transverse facial artery which had a larger than normal diameter. In addition, the ascending palatine artery formed a common trunk with the lingual artery and the branch of the submandibular gland arose directly from the position where the normal facial artery would usually be in the external carotid artery.


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Citations : 2140

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