Variant muscular covering of the sacral hiatus
1 Department of Medical, Institut Chiari & Siringomielia & Escoliosis de Barcelona, Paseo de Manuel Girona 16, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
2 Department of Medical, Institut Chiari & Siringomielia & Escoliosis de Barcelona, Paseo de Manuel Girona 16, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Received: 24-Jul-2019 Accepted Date: Aug 01, 2019; Published: 08-Aug-2019
Citation: Royo-Salvador MB, Fiallos-Rivera MV, Salca HC. Variant muscular covering of the sacral hiatus. Int J Anat Var. Sep 2019;12(3): 30-32.
This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact [email protected]
We describe a variant muscular layer covering the superficial layer of the posterior sacrococcygeal membrane over the sacral hiatus, with longitudinally oriented muscular fibers, that in our opinion belongs to the multifidus muscle. We had the privilege to discover it in twelve patients while performing an open surgical approach of the sacral hiatus, which gives a prevalence of 11.11% among all cases treated with this intervention. Knowledge of this anatomical variant is important because it may render difficult any caudal approach to the sacral canal and might explain some failures of caudal epidural blocks. Significantly, our report is based on direct surgical visualization of an area until now described only indirectly, by magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography or cadaver sacral bone examination.