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Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Treatment

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A study of Neuroscience

Author(s): Komalpreet Kaur

Introduction

Neuroscience deals with several different fields such as mathematics, languages, technology, computer programming, chemistry, philosophy, psychology, and medical. Generally, Neuroscientists study the brain and its effects on behaviour and cognition, or how individuals think. They also investigate the whol nervous system when patient suffer from diseases like neurological, psychiatric, or neurodevelopmental problems. Neuroscience does not impact all the biological activities whereas it also helps us comprehend a wide range of common diseases such as Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), ADHD, addiction, schizophrenia, Parkinsonism is a neurological disorder, tumours in the brain, Down syndrome is a condition in which a person, the consequences of a stroke, such as language loss, Multiple sclerosis is an example of an immune system disease. A better knowledge of neurological variables can aid in the development of medicines and other treatment and prevention measures for these and other healthcare conditions.

History

The ancient Greeks became perhaps the first to investigate the psyche. They sought to comprehend the function of the mind and how it performed, as well as to explain neurological diseases. A Greek scientist proposed that the brain served as a blood-cooling function. Pierre Paul Broca was a French physician, surgeon, and anatomist who lived from 1824 to 1880. He dealt with people who had suffered from brain injury. He came to the conclusion that various areas of the brain were involved in different functions. Pierre Paul Broca dealt with people who had suffered from brain injury. He came to the conclusion that various areas of the brain are associated with various activities. A German doctor and scientist studied the rate where the nerve cells generated electrical stimulation. Silver chromate salt was used to examine neurons in 1873 by an Italian pathologist, Gamillo Golgi. Later in 90s, different researches have been done e.g. theorized that neurons are self-contained nerve cell components, work on modern neurology has achieved significant advances, resulting in advances in the therapy of stroke, cardiovascular illness, multiple sclerosis (MS), and other diseases, Investigation of the structure, functioning, development, anomalies, and methods in which the nervous system could be changed.

There are different departments for the neuroscience

Affective neuroscience- The analysis of how neurons act in response to feelings is being conducted. 

Behavioral neuroscience- This is the investigation of how well the brain influences behaviour.

Clinical neuroscience- Neurologists investigate nervous system diseases using fundamental neuroscience findings to develop strategies to cure them. They also seek for strategies to help people who have suffered from neurological impairment. Clinical neuroscientists classify mental diseases as brain diseases.

Cognitive neuroscience- This study focuses on how the brain creates and regulates the ideas. Scientists monitor brain activity when participants perform activities during study and this area of investigation helps to integrates neuroscience with psychology and psychiatry's cognitive sciences.

Computational neuroscience- Scientists are attempting to know how brains work. They investigate brain development by using computers to analyze, as well as approaches from mathematics, physics, and other quantitative areas.

Cultural neuroscience- This discipline studies the interplay of cultural influences with genetic, neurological, and behavioral processes.

Developmental neuroscience- This study focuses at how the brain functions develop and transform from infancy to maturity.

Neuroengineering- Engineering approaches are used by experts to further understand replace, repair, or upgrade brain systems.

Neurophysiology- This examines how the brain and its activities relate to other areas of the body, as well as the involvement of the nervous system, from the subcellular to the organ level.

Neurolinguistics- Professionals study how the brain allows humans to learn, store, retain, and convey words.

  


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