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Routine dissection has identified a previously unrecorded unilateral variation of the iliacus and psoas muscles in a 91-year-old female cadaver. A variant iliacus muscle belly originated from the superior lateral aspect of the iliac fossa and after traversing the iliac fossa in a nearly horizontal plane, inserted into the psoas major muscle forming a blended iliacus-psoas muscle. The femoral nerve coursed laterally behind the muscle variant to the superior edge of the blended iliacus-psoas. The femoral nerve then coursed over the anterior aspect of the muscle variant and continued inferiorly in a typical course toward the inguinal ring. The current findings and clinical significance are discussed.
International Journal of Anatomical Variations received 2140 citations as per Google Scholar report