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Journal of Materials Engineering and Applications

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Cosmological Constants

Author(s): Marta Acin-Albiac

 ABSTRACT: TOne possible explanation for the small but non-zero value was noted by Steven Weinberg in 1987 following the anthropic principle. [21] Weinberg explains that if the vacuum energy took different values in different domains of the universe, then observers would necessarily measure values similar to that which is observed: the formation of life-supporting structures would be suppressed in domains where the vacuum energy is much larger. Specifically, if the vacuum energy is negative and its absolute value is substantially larger than it appears to be in the observed universe (say, a factor of 10 larger), holding all other variables (e.g. matter density) constant, that would mean that the universe is closed; furthermore, its lifetime would be shorter than the age of our universe, possibly too short for intelligent life to form. On the other hand, a universe with a large positive cosmological constant would expand too fast, preventing galaxy formation. According to Weinberg, domains where the vacuum energy is compatible with life would be comparatively rare. Using this argument, Weinberg predicted that the cosmological constant would have a value of less than a hundred times the


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Citations : 21

Journal of Materials Engineering and Applications received 21 citations as per Google Scholar report

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