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The project "Eco-Diesel powered by RME and ethanol" sprang from two major global trends: the need to minimise reliance on petroleum fuels and the growing concern about environmental protection. It is feasible to reduce the use of conventional petroleum fuels by replacing renewable alternative fuels derived from plants. Rape oil methyl ester, which is used in compression ignition engines, and bioethanol, which is used in spark ignition engines, are the most common renewable vegetable fuels in Middle Europe. In this project, both types of fuel were utilised. A European guideline on the promotion of renewable fuels suggests that biofuels have a market share of 5.75% and 20% in 2020. The application of oxygenates as components to fuels, notably alcohols, has a lot of promise. The European Parliament recommends that 15% ethanol be added to diesel fuel. Scania tested a 5% ethanol component in a diesel fuel combination in a demonstration bus, according to Boman. Lu conducted research on the effects of an ethanol-diesel combination on performance and emissions. Huang experimented with methanol-diesel mixes. Two renewable fuels were utilised to run a direct injection compression ignition engine in this study, although not as a mix, but individually.