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Journal of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience

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Epilepsies with a Wide Clinical Spectrum Associated with a Protocadherin 19 Gene Mutation

Author(s): Grace Perez*

One of the most common genes linked with epilepsy syndromes
is Protocadherin 19 (PCDH19). PCDH19 is one of the six genes
most associated in genetic epilepsies, according to the literature.
PCDH19 is a gene that regulates neural connections and signal
transduction and is found on chromosome Xq22.1. Epilepsy and
Mental Retardation Limited to Female (EFMR) is the most
common clinical manifestation of PCDH19 mutation, characterised
by epileptic and non-epileptic symptoms affecting primarily
females. The clinical spectrum of these mutations, however, varies
greatly, ranging from hereditary epilepsy with febrile seizures to

epileptic encephalopathies. The unusual female-
only participation appears to be due to cellular interference

in heterozygosity, however impacted mosaic-males have also been
documented. Generalized tonic-clonic, tonic, atonic, absences, and
myoclonic jerks are all forms of seizures. Drug resistance and the
lack of specific therapy indications restrict the treatment of
PCDH19-related epilepsy. Seizures, on the other hand, grow less
severe as adolescence progresses, and some individuals may even
go seizure-free. Adult individuals with PCDH19 mutations have
the most difficulties with non-epileptic symptoms. The goal of this
study is to look at the very diverse phenotypic manifestation of the
PCDH19 gene mutation, which has been linked to epilepsy.


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Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 38

Journal of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience received 38 citations as per Google Scholar report

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