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BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes, fibrinogen levels have been demonstrated to predict the progression to overt nephropathy. Hyperfibrinogenemia, an indicator of inflammation, is also associated with the presence of endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, hypercoagulability, and increased blood viscosity and is a marker of unstable atherosclerotic lesions.
AIM: This study aimed to evaluation of coagulation profile and D-dimer and estimation of Serum Fibrinogen Level in Sudanese Patients with type II Diabetes Mellitus in Khartoum State.
METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to collect information about the study group, Blood sample were collected from all participants in Tri sodium citrate containers. Automated coagulometer (COATRON M1) was used to evaluate prothrombine time and activated partial thromboplastine time and measure fibrinogen level. D-dimer levels were evaluated using (ichroma™) Reader fluorescence scanning instrument an integrated Point of Care Test (POCT) system.
RESULTS: The study showed that the mean and standard of PT, APTT, INR was (17.9 ± 3.8 sec, 32.6 ± 4.1 sec, 1.1 ± 0.3 respectively), the mean of age among study group was (53 ± 14.2 years), there was significant different when correlate PT and management of disease (p. value 0.01) . the present study show insignificant correlation between PT and treatment, complication and gender (0.20 , 0.13 and 0.08) respectively while APTT there was significant difference with management ,complication and gender p. value was (0.01 , 0.03 and 0.01 respectively) .The mean ± SD of fibrinogen level was 136 ± 20.7 ,the mean ± SD of fibrinogen level in male was 137.4 ± 20.6mg/dl and in female was 135.22 ± 20.9 mg/dl. The present study show the insignificant correlation among gender p-value was (0.594). The frequency of duration of disease in group less than 5 years was (34%), in 5-10 years was (41%) and in group more than 10 years was (25%). Statistically insignificant differences between fibrinogen level and duration of disease were observed p-value (0.776), there was insignificant difference between fibrinogen level and different age group p. value (0.66). The mean of D-dimer levels is (1309.3 ± 324.1mg /ml).
CONCLUSION: The present study show that shortened prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, shortened PT and APTT might be useful haemostatic markers in diabetic patients, especially in those at high risk for thrombotic complications. The Mean of plasma fibrinogen level in patient with type II diabetics mellitus were136.3mg/dl, insignificant correlation with Fibrinogen levels with age, gender and duration of disease. The D. Dimer level show significant increase.