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Journal of Materials Engineering and Applications

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Laser-induced periodic surface structures and Picosecond Laser-Induced Hierarchical Periodic Near- and Deep-Subwavelength Ripples on Stainless-Steel Surfaces-Nanotechnology 2016, November 24-25, 2016 Melbourne, Australia

Author(s): Jone Loone

 Laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) square measure a flexible tool to tune physical surface properties of a good vary of materials; Optical, magnetic, conductive properties to call the foremost vital ones. LIPSS formation in twin and multilayer systems expands the vary of modifications potential. At somewhat higher energies than necessary for LIPSS formation alternative surface modifications seem. We have a tendency to show that the complete vary of colours within the visible and close to IR is feasible to comprehend on stainless-steel, a inexperienced methodology to optical device color these surfaces. Generation of nanowires is one amongst the opposite choices on the market with LIPSS. as an example sub-wavelength wide nanowires of gold and semiconducting material are complete. The theoretical background is fairly understood; except for advanced systems these theories want additional elaboration. Terribly attention-grabbing square measure uses were the LIPSS method simply is AN facultative tool for advanced applications. In Fig. two the expansion of carbon nanotubes catalysed by iron compound nanoparticles ready in place. Principle of the LIPSS method and periodical optical device evoked dewetting (PLiD), B) CNT growth. a) Cross-sectional SEM read of CNTs (green) and iron compound nanoparticles (orange) visualizes the nanoparticle catalysts at the ideas of the CNTs. b) Tip region of a personal CNT. c) TEM image of a catalyst particle within a multiwalled CNT. d) TEM imagingof multiple catalyst particles within the tip region of a MWCNT. Ultrafast laser-induced periodic surface subwavelength ripples, categorised supported the ripple amount into near-subwavelength ripples (NSRs) and deep-subwavelength ripples (DSRs), square measure more and more found within the sort of materials like metals, semiconductors and dielectrics. The fabrication of gradable periodic NSRs and DSRs on constant laser-irradiated space remains a challenge since the affiliation between the 2 remains a puzzle. Here we have a tendency to gift AN experimental study of linearly polarized unit of time laser-induced gradable periodic NSRs and DSRs on stainless-steel surfaces. whereas experiencing peak power density above a threshold price of ninety one.9 GW/cm2, within the laser-scanned space seem the gradable periodic NSRs and DSRs (in explicit, the DSRs square measure vertically situated within the depression of parallel NSRs). An oversized space of the uniformly gradable periodic NSRs and DSRs, with the spacial periods 356 ± seventeen nm and fifty eight ± fifteen nm, severally, is unreal by a collection of optimized laser-scanning parameters. A qualitative clarification supported the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modulated periodic coulomb explosion is planned for unified interpretation of the formation mechanism of gradable periodic NSRs and DSRs, which has lattice orientation of grains as an element at low peak power density, so the initial DSRs shaped have a transparent correspondence with the aluminous grains. The laser-induced periodic surface structure (LIPSS), a by-product result of optical device material process applications is at its origin, however within the past few years has been an enquiry hotspot that involves multiple branches of physics like wave optics, non-linear optics, fluid dynamics and natural philosophy. With the speedy development specially of ultrafast laser-matter interaction in each science and engineering, the ultrafast laser-induced amountic surface subwavelength ripples which may be categorised supported the ripple period (Λ) into near-subwavelength ripples (NSRs, 0.4 < Λ/λ < 1) and deep-subwavelength ripples (DSRs, Λ/λ < 0.4), are reported more and more on a range of materials like metals , semiconductors and dielectrics.

However, the present formation mechanisms for construction of NSRs and DSRs square measure thought of utterly completely different, and their theoretical models are in a very state of discussion and development. The NSRs (sometimes referred to as classical ripples) square measure found to be shaped by a good vary of pulse durations from a number of hundred unit of time (ns) to time unit (fs) optical device irradiation on the solid material surface, that makes it look like a universal pulse laser-induced material response. The orientation of NSRs, that were found invariably parallel or perpendicular to the incident optical device polarization, is typically ascribed to the periodic field of force modulation by the incident shaft interference with surface scattering optical device wave thanks to the sample surface roughness. The excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) by incident optical device pulses is additionally wide used for the reason of NSR formation. Huang et al. compared experiments with metal, semiconductor and nonconductor and assumed the grating-assisted surface plasmon (SP)-laser coupling ought to be to blame for the origination of NSRs. Reif et al. thought of the particle sputtering and skinny liquid film, and planned the self-organized result of the non-stable material to elucidate the formation of subwavelength ripples. Rather than straightforward production and observation of the NSRs, DSRs square measure solely seldom found in ultra-short optical device pulse (duration but one hundred picoseconds) irradiation of some elite materials, as well as coalesced silicon oxide , silicon , black lead and a few alternative materials. Numerous mechanisms square measure planned for clarification of the origins of DSRs, like second and better harmonic generation, SPPs and self-organized result. As a replacement micro/nano structured material process technology, a review of optical device machining has been reported for several decades. In 2013, A. Y. Vorobyev et al. reviewed thoroughly the new field of direct fs optical device surface nano/micro structures and their applications. Direct time unit optical device surface treatment is one amongst the simplest ways that to make surface structures in nanometers and micrometers on metals and semiconductors thanks to its flexibility, simplicity, and easy use. In 2014, K. M. Tanvir Ahmmed et al. reviewed the most recent information of direct time unit optical device micromachining to fabricate these structures on metals. Discuss the consequences of varied parameters (such as flux, variety of pulses, shaft polarization, wavelength, angle of incidence, scan speed, variety of scans, and environment) on the formation of various structures. A short review of the potential applications of laser-machined surface structures in numerous fields is reviewed. Additionally in 2014, K. Sugioka et al. represented the ideas and principles of time unit optical device 3D small and nano fabrication, and gave a comprehensive review of the most recent technology, applications and future prospects of this technology. In 2015, X. Wei et al. summarizes recent advances in laser-based material process ways for growing and fabricating one-dimensional , two-dimensional and three-dimensional nanomaterials and micro/nano structures.


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Citations : 30

Journal of Materials Engineering and Applications received 30 citations as per Google Scholar report