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International Journal of Anatomical Variations

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Multiple variations along the brachial artery distribution

Author(s): Ozlem Elvan*, Alev Kara and Nail Can Ozturk

During the left upper limb dissection of a 75-year-old male cadaver variations were encountered in the brachial artery and its branches. A superficial brachioulnar artery arose from the brachial artery in the middle of the arm. The superior and inferior ulnar collateral branches arose from the brachial and superficial brachioulnar arteries, respectively. Then the brachial artery ramified into a radial, common interosseous, recurrent arteries and a muscular branch at the level of the neck of radius. The common interosseous artery first gave off a recurrent artery and then a trunk which ramified into another recurrent artery and a muscular branch and finally terminated giving anterior, posterior and recurrent interosseous arteries. The superficial palmar branch of the radial artery coursed on dorsum of the hand and by passing through the first web space joined the superficial palmar arch. Additional variations were observed during the courses of the branches of these arteries.

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