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Background: Factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin gene (PT G20210A), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T mutations are known as molecular biomarkers to evaluate the predisposition of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). These hereditary risk factors affect the natural anticoagulant mechanisms and activate the coagulation mechanisms because of an imbalance between procoagulant and anticoagulant factors. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of these mutations in Turkish patients presenting with idiopathic DVT.
Methods: A total of 135 patients with idiopathic DVT admitted to our clinic were investigated for FVL, PT G20210A, and MTHFR (C677T, A1298C) gene mutations. Screening of polymorphisms was carried out by using SNaPshot® multiplex system (Applied Biosystems Inc.). Wild, heterozygous and homozygous genotypic distributions of these mutations were defined as number and percentage frequency.
Results: There were 74 male and 61 female patients ranging in age from 18 to 85 years. FVL mutation was found in 66 (41.47%) patients (12 homozygotes 8.88%, 44 heterozygotes 32.59%), PT G20210A was found in 14 (10.36%) patients (1 homozygous 0.74%, 13 heterozygotes 9.62%). MTHFR C677T was found in 53 (39.25%) patients (10 homozygotes 7.40%, 43 heterozygotes 31.85%), and MTHFR A1298C was found in 84 (62.22%) patients (16 homozygotes 11.85%, 68 heterozygotes 50.37%).