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Journal of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience

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Neuroprotective and regenerative roles of the Wnt-3A pathway after focal ischemic stroke in mice

Joint Event on 6th Annual Meeting on Neurosurgery and Neurological Surgeons & 9th Global Summit on Neuroscience and Neuroimmunology

May 22-23, 2019 London, UK

Tammi Taylor

Jackson State University, USA

Keynote: J Neurol Clin Neurosci

Abstract :

Wnt signaling is a conserved pathway involved in expansion of neural progenitors and lineage specification during development. However, the role of Wnt signaling in the post-stroke brain has not been well- elucidated. We hypothesized that Wnt-3a would play an important role for neurogenesis and brain repair. Adult male mice were subjected to a focal ischemic stroke targeting the sensorimotor cortex. Mice that received Wnt-3a (2 μg/kg/day, 1 hr after stroke and once a day for the next 2 days, intranasal delivery) had reduced infarct volume compared to stroke controls. Wnt- 3a intranasal treatment of 7- days upregulated the expression of brain-derived growth factor (BDNF), increased the proliferation and migration of neuroblasts from the subventricular zone (SVZ), resulting in increased numbers of newly formed neurons and endothelial cells in the penumbra. Both the molecular and cellular effects of Wnt-3a were blocked by the Wnt specific inhibitors XAV-939 and Dkk-1. In functional assays, Wnt-3a treatment enhanced the local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) in the penumbra, as well as improved sensorimotor functions in a battery of behavioral tests. Together, our data demonstrates that Wnt-3a signaling can act as a dual neuroprotective and regenerative factor for the treatment of ischemic stroke.

Biography :

Taylor joined the faculty as an Assistant Professor of Genetics in the Department of Biology in the College of Science, Engineering, and Technology at Jackson State University. While at JSU, Dr. Taylor is a Research Center f or Minority Investigators (RCMI) faculty member, a graduate and undergraduate student advisor, mentor, and professor. She obtained her PhD in Microbiology from Indiana University, a Masters of Science degree in Biology, from Jackson State University, and her Bachelors of Science degree in Biology f rom Tougaloo College. She was a Fellowship in Research and Science Teaching (FIRST) postdoctoral fellowship at Emory University in the Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurology. Her current research focus is determining the role of signal transducer activator of transcription 3 (STAT-3) on the regeneration of nerve tissue and functional recovery after focal ischemic stroke.

E-mail: [email protected]

 
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 21

Journal of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience received 21 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience peer review process verified at publons
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