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International Journal of Anatomical Variations

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Aaijaz Ahmed Khan1*, Pal Hillol Kanti2, Muzammil Ullah1 and Asma Haji Hassan1
1 Departments of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia, Email: aaijazk@gmail.com
2 Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia
*Correspondence: Aaijaz Ahmed Khan, Senior Lecturer, Departments of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia, Tel: +60 9 7676080, Email: aaijazk@gmail.com

Received: 14-Jul-2010 Accepted Date: Sep 03, 2010; Published: 16-Dec-2010

Citation: IJAV. 2010; 3: 200–202.

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact reprints@pulsus.com


The abducent nerve occupies a strategic position at the middle third of the clivus. With the recent advances in the field of imaging techniques and endoscopic skull base surgery it is important to understand the neurovascular relationships and variations in its course. Very limited literature is available on the cisternal course of abducent nerve as studied by an endoscope. A few studies have described the course of abducent nerve endoscopically through an endonasal approach. In this study we attempted to explore its cisternal course endoscopically through a retrosigmoid approach to the cerebello-pontine angle with emphasis on its neurovascular relationship. Duplication and triplication of the abducent nerve have been reported by some authors, but four roots of abducent nerve have not been reported. In the present study, in one of the cadavers it was found that on the left side the abducent nerve emerged as four roots from the pontomedullary sulcus.


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Citations : 2140

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