Author(s): DarshanYallappa Jotibannad, Abhishek N, Vijayaraj N
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Background and objectives: Dyslexia is recognized as an important cause for
the scholastic backwardness. SpLDs afflicts almost 5%-15% of school-going
children. Dyslexia reportedly afflicts 80% of all children identified as having
SpLDs. There are only very few studies that have been done on high school
students. It is not clearly known to what degree dyslexia is present in high
school students, which would lead to significant failures in board results.
This study is focused on this vulnerable group of school students who can
be severely impacted by their reading difficulties. This problem is relatively
neglected at taluk level schools.
Aim: To measure the occurrence of dyslexia among high school students
who are scholastically backward.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. 5 English medium high schools
which are present in Hoskote were approached for participation in the study.
The sample selected included the students who are scholastically backward. A
semi-structured proforma was used to collect the socio-demographic details.
3 subsets (reading, spelling and comprehension) of NIMHANS index for
specific learning disabilities-Level-II, were used to screen the 240 students
Statistical method: Statistical analysis of the data was done on the SPSS
22.0 version. Using appropriate statistical method, dimensional comparisons
were made using central tendencies like the mean and S.D. Chi-square and
Fischer exact test were applied to check for an association between the
different variables and dyslexia.
Results: This study showed the occurrence of dyslexia to be 14.2%. It also
showed the association with the habitat, type of family and difficulties in
Interpretation and conclusion: Dyslexia among high school students is
usually neglected and understudied, but this population is greatly impacted,
since it has multiple implications on the rest of their lives. Our study finds
both males and females to be equally afflicted by this disorder and an
important cause for scholastic backwardness.