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Journal of Clinical Psychiatry and Neuroscience

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A study of dyslexia as a contributor to scholastic backwardness among high school students

Author(s): DarshanYallappa Jotibannad, Abhishek N, Vijayaraj N

Background and objectives: Dyslexia is recognized as an important cause for the scholastic backwardness. SpLDs afflicts almost 5%-15% of school-going children. Dyslexia reportedly afflicts 80% of all children identified as having SpLDs. There are only very few studies that have been done on high school students. It is not clearly known to what degree dyslexia is present in high school students, which would lead to significant failures in board results. This study is focused on this vulnerable group of school students who can be severely impacted by their reading difficulties. This problem is relatively neglected at taluk level schools. Aim: To measure the occurrence of dyslexia among high school students who are scholastically backward. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. 5 English medium high schools which are present in Hoskote were approached for participation in the study. The sample selected included the students who are scholastically backward. A semi-structured proforma was used to collect the socio-demographic details. 3 subsets (reading, spelling and comprehension) of NIMHANS index for specific learning disabilities-Level-II, were used to screen the 240 students for dyslexia. Statistical method: Statistical analysis of the data was done on the SPSS 22.0 version. Using appropriate statistical method, dimensional comparisons were made using central tendencies like the mean and S.D. Chi-square and Fischer exact test were applied to check for an association between the different variables and dyslexia. Results: This study showed the occurrence of dyslexia to be 14.2%. It also showed the association with the habitat, type of family and difficulties in mathematics. Interpretation and conclusion: Dyslexia among high school students is usually neglected and understudied, but this population is greatly impacted, since it has multiple implications on the rest of their lives. Our study finds both males and females to be equally afflicted by this disorder and an important cause for scholastic backwardness.