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Background: Tuberculosis is one of the major public health problem, further complicated by the relentless spread of HIV. The incidence of drug resistant TB among HIV patients is now increasing. Treatment outcomes in MDR-TB patients co-infected with HIV is poorly documented.
Objectives: To assess the treatment outcome of multidrug resistant tuberculosis co-infected with HIV treated under programmatic management of drug resistant tuberculosis.
Methods: The study was conducted in Department of Respiratory Medicine, Princess Krishnajammanni Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (PK TB & CD) Hospital, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute (MMCRI), Mysore. It is a retrospective study done on patients who were admitted in DRTB center of PK TB & CD hospital, Mysore for initiation of treatment from the year 2013 to 2019.
Results: Among the 63 patients studied, 26 patients (41.3%) had a favorable outcome with cure and treatment completed. 25 patients (39.7%) had an unfavorable outcome with death, 9 patients (14.3%) defaulted during the treatment and 2 patients (3.2%) had failure of therapy.
Conclusion:Early recognition and treatment of HIV with ART and the clinical stage of the disease during presentation affect the treatment outcome in patients with MDR TB