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The use of space technology has brought improvement in almost all facet of life. Some of these benefits are brought about by astronauts going for short term missions in the outer space such as on the space laboratories; while some of these benefits will be brought about going for long term missions (e.g. to the Moon or Mars) in the future. There are five major health risks for astronauts in the outer space. These risks pose to be factors affecting their psychological status. The risk factors are gravity-transition, distance from the Earth, radiation in space, isolation and hostile environment.
Most of these factors have effects on the behavior, emotion and cognition of space travelers, which may lead to mental health challenges affecting the mission objectives. A general overview of the risk factors are given in the development of mental health challenge for an astronaut in space; each factor is used as a model in relating it to adolescent mental health challenge considering varying conditions of cause. The specific measures to increase astronauts psychological status in space is discussed; and the salient points are recommendations for adolescents on earth, specifically those in the isolated locations.