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The field of Earth sciences and climate change is central in determination current issues: Like waste disposal, pollution, groundwater management, and volcano and earthquake hazards. It is also essential within the exploration and utilization of natural resources like oil and gas, minerals and aggregates. A vital area of analysis in the Earth sciences aims to determine how the planet has evolved from its origin 4.6 billion years ago to the present. Earth's rocks and sediment provide a long record of global modification in response to a range of stimuli. Several Earth scientists’ area united, concerned with the unraveling of this record of global modification and in predicting future changes to the planet.