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General Surgery: Open Access

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Juan David Vega Padilla1,2*, José Daniel Sierra Reyes2, Diego Rodríguez Pineda2, Edwin Alejandro Barón Muñoz2, Fabián Andrés Orozco Rodríg2, Rosana María Babilonia Yepes2, Dennis Ximena Murcia Acero3, Edgar Yovany Cerinza García4, Ligia Fernanda Sossa Bonilla5, Daniel Eduardo Gutiérrez Muñoz6 and Jouline Stephanie Joya Pineda7
1 Universidad de Boyacá, Tunja, Colombia, Email: [email protected]
2 Fundación Universitaria, Juan N Corpas, Bogotá, Colombia
3 Fundación Universitaria, San Martin, Bogotá, Colombia
4 Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
5 Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS), Bogotá, Colombia
6 Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales (UDCA), Bogotá, Colombia
7 Fundación Universitaria, Sanitas, Bogotá, Colombia
*Correspondence: Juan David Vega Padilla, Universidad de Boyacá, Tunja, Colombia, Tel: +573123755426, Email: [email protected]

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Objective: To perform a narrative review about operative site infection and its prevention. Methodology: Non-systematic review of the literature. Results: Surgical site infection is the second most common type of health care–associated infection and increases hospital morbidity and mortality. It is defined as the infection that affects the surgical incision area or its deep tissue in the first 30 days after surgery and when a prosthesis or implant is used, this time extends up to one year. The most common pathogen in surgical site infections is Staphylococcus aureus. Its prevention depends on hospital and pre-hospital interventions (MRSA screening, smoking cessation, bowel preparations, glucose control, skin preparation, antibiotic prophylaxis, among others). Conclusion: The prevention of surgical site infection is an important objective in health care.