Genetics in general represent a scientific inquiry into coding, arrangement, functioning, regulation and intermittently transmitted biological information. Genetic studies include structural organization of the chromosomes & their replication, genetic interaction with the environment & epigenetic effects, genetic evolution & gene recombination. Molecular biology deals with the study of macromolecules of biological origin including their interaction, distribution, regulation properties as well as enzymology having wide application in biology, biomedical and clinical science.
Genetics and Molecular Biology research covers biological, biochemical & clinical genetics and genomics in addition to mutations, genetic medicine and animal genetics. The current research focus in genetics and molecular biology is on genome wide studies and genetic mapping for deciphering the interactive effects of several genes located across different chromosomes and their cumulative roles in disease manifestation and appropriate cure by genetic medicine.