All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Brandon University, Brandon, MB, Canada

Publications

  • Original Article   
    Toxic elements and heavy metals concentrations in playground of elementary schools of Brandon, Manitoba, Canada
    Author(s): Karimzadeh-Somarin Kian* and Somarin Alireza

    Chemical safety of school playgrounds is very important for the health and well-being of students and it is expected that level of heavy metals [including toxic elements] be below acceptable [non-toxic] levels. The risk from accidental consumption of potentially toxic elements in playground soils is of concern to children’s health. Concentration of heavy metals is a very important factor in assigning type of land use. For example, Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment [CCME] has published soil quality guidelines to help protect environmental and human health. These guidelines identify 4 types of land use in Canada: agricultural, residential/parkland, commercial, and industrial. Different concentrations of heavy metals are suggested for each land use. A total of 73 samples were collected from playgrounds of 16 elementary schools in Brandon.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2591-7641.1000010