Faculty of Science, Department of Geology, Brandon University, Brandon, MB, Canada


  • Original Article   
    Toxic elements and heavy metals concentrations in playground of elementary schools of Brandon, Manitoba, Canada
    Author(s): Karimzadeh-Somarin Kian* and Somarin Alireza

    Chemical safety of school playgrounds is very important for the health and well-being of students and it is expected that level of heavy metals [including toxic elements] be below acceptable [non-toxic] levels. The risk from accidental consumption of potentially toxic elements in playground soils is of concern to children’s health. Concentration of heavy metals is a very important factor in assigning type of land use. For example, Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment [CCME] has published soil quality guidelines to help protect environmental and human health. These guidelines identify 4 types of land use in Canada: agricultural, residential/parkland, commercial, and industrial. Different concentrations of heavy metals are suggested for each land use. A total of 73 samples were collected from playgrounds of 16 elementary schools in Brandon.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2591-7641.1000010