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Ngoy Bulaya Emmanuel
University of Lubumbashi, Republic of the Congo
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Appl Food Sci J
Background: Malnutrition is in high prevalence in some developing countries, like Democratic Republic of the Congo mostly among children from 6 to 23 months. Complementary Feeding is among the main causes of malnutrition worldwide.
Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the complementary feeding practices associated with acute malnutrition in DRC.
Design (Methodology): A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October23th to November25th 2017 in DILALA Health Zone, using a three-stage stratified cluster-sampling technique. In 10 Health Areas, 698 children 6-23 months old were assessed on nutritional status and their mothers interviewed on complementary feeding practices. Household questionnaire pretested and revised, standardized anthropometry equipment and World Health Organization recommendations were used with trained data collectors. ENA for SMART and Logistic regression on SPSS 23 were used to data analysis.
Results: Wasting was associated with lack of knowledge on minimum meal frequency (a adjusted odds ratio=2.4, CI 1.14-5.11), minimum dietary diversity (a adjusted odds ratio=0.23, CI 0.055-0.981) and protected source of drinking water (a adjusted odds ratio=0.50, CI 0.26-0.93).
Conclusion: Wasting was more increased among children whose mothers were without knowledge on minimum meal frequency of complementary feeding, but more prevented in children having met minimum dietary diversity and in children from household with protected source of drinking water.